American Journal of Sports Science

Research Article | | Peer-Reviewed |

The Effect of Using S.A.Q. Training on the Improvement of Special Physical Abilities and the Achievement Level of Middle-Distance Runners

Received: 29 September 2023    Accepted: 15 November 2023    Published: 8 December 2023
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Abstract

The study aimed to identify the effect of using S.A.Q training on improving the specific physical abilities and achievement level of middle-distance runners. The research sample was chosen: the Palestinian athletics team players, who numbered (3) players. The most important results: There were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-measurements and in favor of the post-measurement of the training program using the S.A.Q training for some tests, namely the vertical jump test from stability. The foot jump tests the farthest distance (10) seconds, the test of throwing a medicine ball weighing 3 kg, and the dangling test for the longest possible time. 4×10-meter shuttle run test. There were no statistically significant differences for the rest of the tests, and the average percentage of improvement for special physical abilities together was 28.48%. While the results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-measurements in favor of the post-measurement, the percentage of improvement for the achievement level of the 1500m race amounted to 2.66%. The researcher recommends: Adopting S.A.Q training as a basic training methodology for middle-distance runners. Circulate the publication of these results to the authorities related to athletics, especially the Olympic Committee and the various Palestinian federations, because of the benefit of these training and their targeting of speed and agility in many games. 2. Directing the Palestinian Athletics Federation towards the importance of S.A.Q training and using them in their training programs. It is necessary for the Ministry of Education to make increased efforts towards S.A.Q training, so that teachers in schools must use these training, which have a positive contribution to the players’ ability.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13
Published in American Journal of Sports Science (Volume 11, Issue 4, December 2023)
Page(s) 96-101
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

S.A.Q. Training, Specific Physical Abilities, Achievement Level, Middle Distance

References
[1] Alaqra, H. & Alaqra, O. (2023). Effect of (S.A.Q.) Training on Selected Physical Abilities and Performance of Passing Skill and Jump Shots in Handball among Female Students at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports at Al-Aqsa University. IOSR Journal of Sports and Physical Education, 10 (1): 21-29.
[2] Alaqra, H. Alkhatib, M & Alabssi, T. (2023). The Impact of Virtual Training Program on Improving the Running Time of the Athletics Runners. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 58 (2): 501-507. DOI:10.35741/issn.0258-2724.58.2.46
[3] Alaqra, H. Alabssi, T. (2022). The effect of Power training during climbing slopes on the maximum aerobic capacity and the achievement level of the Palestinian Athletics National Team players, Journal of AL-AZHAR University, 23(2): 293-304.
[4] Alaqra, H & Almallahi, S. (2022). Designing a Proposed Training Program Combining Weight and Flexibility Training and Its Effect on Physical Qualities and Achievement Level of Shot-Put Female Players with F56 Disabilities. Journal of Natural Sciences of Hunan University, 49 (9): 165-175.
[5] Al-Hawari, Rania and Riyadh, Mohammed and Hafiz, Mohammed. (2020). The impact of proposed Sakyo training modules on some of the physical abilities of the 110 hurdles race among students of the Faculty of Sports Education of Beni Suef University. Beni Suef Journal of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, 3 (6): 376-393. DOI: 10.21608/OBSA.2020.130801. MD: 1214655.
[6] Al-Mutbouly, Mahmoud and Bader, Mohammed and Al-Murshidi, Ahmed. (2023). The impact of Sakyo trainings on the special compatible and physical abilities and performance level of the man's lifting skill of free wrestling originators. Damietta Journal of Physical and Sports Education, 1 (1): 97-132.
[7] Abu alhamd, Obaid and Hassan, Al-Hassan and Sayed, Karim. (2023). Combination training using speed, agility and motor speed affects some physical variables and digital level of 110m barriers riders. Scientific Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, 99 (1): 691-707.
[8] Arjunan, R. (2015). Effect of speed, agility and quickness (S.A.Q.) training on selected physical fitness variables among school soccer players. International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature (IMPACT: IJRHAL), 3 (10): 519-580.
[9] Doganay, M., Bingül, B. M., & Álvarez-García, C. (2020). Effect of core training on speed, quickness and agility in young male football players. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 60 (9): 1240-1246.‏
[10] Fathi, Ahmed. (2017). The basics of football coaching. Arab Thought House. Egypt.
[11] Suleiman, Belaroussi. (2010). The impact of a proposed training program using periodic and circular training methods for the development of certain physical qualities of the 1500 runners, Journal of Superiority in the Science and Techniques of Physical and Sporting Activities, 3 (1): 122-133.
[12] Khalil, Ahmed. (2023). The effect of Sakyo drills on some of the consensual abilities of handball originators. Scientific Journal of Specialized Physical and Sports Education Sciences, 14 (2): 321-348. MD: 1391329.
[13] Qabr, Hamdi. (2021). The impact of Sakyo trainings on some physical abilities and biokinamatic variables of the upgrade phase and digital level in the long jump competition. Scientific Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, 91 (3): 213-246. MD: 1231380.
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  • APA Style

    Alaqra, H., Abushedeq, M. (2023). The Effect of Using S.A.Q. Training on the Improvement of Special Physical Abilities and the Achievement Level of Middle-Distance Runners. American Journal of Sports Science, 11(4), 96-101. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13

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    ACS Style

    Alaqra, H.; Abushedeq, M. The Effect of Using S.A.Q. Training on the Improvement of Special Physical Abilities and the Achievement Level of Middle-Distance Runners. Am. J. Sports Sci. 2023, 11(4), 96-101. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13

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    AMA Style

    Alaqra H, Abushedeq M. The Effect of Using S.A.Q. Training on the Improvement of Special Physical Abilities and the Achievement Level of Middle-Distance Runners. Am J Sports Sci. 2023;11(4):96-101. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13,
      author = {Hisham Alaqra and Marsel Abushedeq},
      title = {The Effect of Using S.A.Q. Training on the Improvement of Special Physical Abilities and the Achievement Level of Middle-Distance Runners},
      journal = {American Journal of Sports Science},
      volume = {11},
      number = {4},
      pages = {96-101},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajss.20231104.13},
      abstract = {The study aimed to identify the effect of using S.A.Q training on improving the specific physical abilities and achievement level of middle-distance runners. The research sample was chosen: the Palestinian athletics team players, who numbered (3) players. The most important results: There were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-measurements and in favor of the post-measurement of the training program using the S.A.Q training for some tests, namely the vertical jump test from stability. The foot jump tests the farthest distance (10) seconds, the test of throwing a medicine ball weighing 3 kg, and the dangling test for the longest possible time. 4×10-meter shuttle run test. There were no statistically significant differences for the rest of the tests, and the average percentage of improvement for special physical abilities together was 28.48%. While the results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-measurements in favor of the post-measurement, the percentage of improvement for the achievement level of the 1500m race amounted to 2.66%. The researcher recommends: Adopting S.A.Q training as a basic training methodology for middle-distance runners. Circulate the publication of these results to the authorities related to athletics, especially the Olympic Committee and the various Palestinian federations, because of the benefit of these training and their targeting of speed and agility in many games. 2. Directing the Palestinian Athletics Federation towards the importance of S.A.Q training and using them in their training programs. It is necessary for the Ministry of Education to make increased efforts towards S.A.Q training, so that teachers in schools must use these training, which have a positive contribution to the players’ ability.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - The Effect of Using S.A.Q. Training on the Improvement of Special Physical Abilities and the Achievement Level of Middle-Distance Runners
    AU  - Hisham Alaqra
    AU  - Marsel Abushedeq
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajss.20231104.13
    AB  - The study aimed to identify the effect of using S.A.Q training on improving the specific physical abilities and achievement level of middle-distance runners. The research sample was chosen: the Palestinian athletics team players, who numbered (3) players. The most important results: There were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-measurements and in favor of the post-measurement of the training program using the S.A.Q training for some tests, namely the vertical jump test from stability. The foot jump tests the farthest distance (10) seconds, the test of throwing a medicine ball weighing 3 kg, and the dangling test for the longest possible time. 4×10-meter shuttle run test. There were no statistically significant differences for the rest of the tests, and the average percentage of improvement for special physical abilities together was 28.48%. While the results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-measurements in favor of the post-measurement, the percentage of improvement for the achievement level of the 1500m race amounted to 2.66%. The researcher recommends: Adopting S.A.Q training as a basic training methodology for middle-distance runners. Circulate the publication of these results to the authorities related to athletics, especially the Olympic Committee and the various Palestinian federations, because of the benefit of these training and their targeting of speed and agility in many games. 2. Directing the Palestinian Athletics Federation towards the importance of S.A.Q training and using them in their training programs. It is necessary for the Ministry of Education to make increased efforts towards S.A.Q training, so that teachers in schools must use these training, which have a positive contribution to the players’ ability.
    
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Author Information
  • Physical Training and Sport Training Department, Al-Aqsa University, Gaza, Palestine

  • Physical Training and Sport Training Department, Al-Aqsa University, Gaza, Palestine

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