Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 20-25
Laterality Preferences in Athletes: Insights from a Database of 1770 Male Athletes
Wei-Chun Wang, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, USA
Matthew DeLang, Physical Therapy Department, School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, USA
Kelly Vittetoe, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, USA
Benjamin Ramger, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, USA
Susan Hilbig, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, USA; Sports Vision Center, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, USA
Lawrence Gregory Appelbaum, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, USA; Sports Vision Center, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, USA
Received: Dec. 29, 2017;       Accepted: Jan. 30, 2018;       Published: Feb. 24, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajss.20180601.14      View  705      Downloads  21
Abstract
Laterality preferences are inherent in most sensory and motor activities, and sports are certainly one domain wherein these preferences might impact performance and outcomes. The fact that most individuals exhibit laterality preferences and that sporting demands differentially draw on these abilities makes the expression of these preferences in athletes a topic ripe for exploration. To fill this gap, the current report describes hand, foot, and eye laterality preferences in a large cohort of 1770 male athletes tested on the Nike Sensory Station assessment battery. Self-reported hand and foot preferences, as well as eye dominance measured through the Miles Test, were compared across athletes of different experience levels (middle/high school, college, professional athletes) and primary sports (baseball, basketball, football, hockey, soccer) to evaluate group differences in laterality preferences. Results revealed group differences, most notably a higher proportion of left-hand and left-foot preferences in professional baseball players. These findings offer new insight into the associations among laterality preferences in a large and diverse population of athletes.
Keywords
Laterality Preferences, Handedness, Footedness, Eye Dominance, Athletes
To cite this article
Wei-Chun Wang, Matthew DeLang, Kelly Vittetoe, Benjamin Ramger, Susan Hilbig, Lawrence Gregory Appelbaum, Laterality Preferences in Athletes: Insights from a Database of 1770 Male Athletes, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 20-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20180601.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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