Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 1-9
Arm/Shoulder Specific Strength Device for Throwers
Brahim Agrebi, Higher Institute of Sports and Physical Education of Ksar Saïd, Tunis, Tunisia
Rachid Bouagina, Higher Institute of Sports and Physical Education of Ksar Saïd, Tunis, Tunisia
Akram Fray, Pierre de Coubertin Sport School, Tunis, Tunisia
Hatem Abidi, Higher Institute of Technological Studies, Nabeul, Tunisia
Fethi Guemira, Salah Azaiez Institute of Carcinology, Tunis, Tunisia
Mounir Bezzarga, Preparatory Institute for Engineering Studies, Tunis, Tunisia
Nooman Guelmami, Higher Institute of Sports and Physical Education, Kef, Tunisia
Narjes Houas, National Center for Medicine and Sport Sciences, Tunis, Tunisia
Sofien Kasmi, National Center for Medicine and Sport Sciences, Tunis, Tunisia
Oussama Ben Mohamed, Institute Mohamed Kassab of Orthopedics, Manouba, Tunis, Tunisia
Riadh Khalifa, Higher Institute of Sports and Physical Education of Ksar Saïd, Tunis, Tunisia
Received: Jan. 8, 2020;       Accepted: Jan. 20, 2020;       Published: Feb. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajss.20200801.11      View  268      Downloads  241
Abstract
Research has proposed various ways to develop ballistic/explosive arm rotational movements for throwers but demonstrated inherent limitations for the lack of traditional resistance training respecting sport-specific tasks. A prototype device was conceived for ballistic multi-joint throwing exercises. Forty-three high-level competitive U19 male handball players participated in the study aged 18.42 ± 1.17 years; 82.36 ± 3.07 mass kg; and 184.91 ± 6.06 m height. Subjects underwent tests on the ASSSD, which operates into consecutive accelerative and decelerative actions, for throwing characteristics determination. Concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) variables during overhead throws as force, power, velocity, acceleration and angle when occurred peak force (PF), power (PP) and velocity (PV) were defined. The relative reliability was calculated using the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) showing strong agreement between trials. The absolute reliability was analyzed using standard error of measurement SEM (0.03-2.75), and Coefficients of variation CVs (2.84-4.59%) for studied variables, reveals excellent interday reliability. Validity was assessed using linear regressions, r and p values showing good relationship between PF and PP gathered from ASSSD and isokinetic peak torques at different angular velocities of dominant arm (DA). The device sensitivity was verified when assessing CON-ECC PF, CON-ECC PP and CON PV with elite/non-elite players. The ASSSD has demonstrated its reliability, validity and sensitivity intended for testing, training monitoring and sport performance assessment.
Keywords
Ballistic, Concentric, Eccentric, Multi-joints Motion, Throwing Device
To cite this article
Brahim Agrebi, Rachid Bouagina, Akram Fray, Hatem Abidi, Fethi Guemira, Mounir Bezzarga, Nooman Guelmami, Narjes Houas, Sofien Kasmi, Oussama Ben Mohamed, Riadh Khalifa, Arm/Shoulder Specific Strength Device for Throwers, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20200801.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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