Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 199-207
Temporal Changes in Team Performance Indicators Which Differentiate Between Winning and Losing in Elite Gaelic Football
Declan Gamble, Sport Northern Ireland Sports Institute, Ulster University, Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland; School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
Andrew Mc Carren, Insight Centre for Data Analytics, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
Jonathan Bradley, Centre of Performance Analysis, Institute of Technology Carlow, Carlow, Ireland
Niall Moyna, School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland
Received: Nov. 18, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 7, 2019;       Published: Dec. 19, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajss.20190704.21      View  167      Downloads  119
This study evaluated changes in performance indicators within winning and losing elite Gaelic football teams. Seven game statistics and 83 technical and tactical variables were measured during 24 games. Game statistics showed a significant decrease in ball in play time and increase in stoppage time between the first and second halves and between the first and fourth quarters. Significant differences between the first and second halves were evident in 10 variables (3 positive: 7 negative) in winning teams compared to 16 variables (4 positive: 12 negative) in losing teams. When the fourth quarter was compared to the first, significant differences were also found in 8 variables (negative) in winners and 23 variables (11 positive: 12 negative) in losers. Although certain technical and tactical variables improved in winners during halves and in losers during halves and quarters, when overall performance is evaluated across both match periods, decrements were more pronounced in both winners (15 vs. 3) and losers (24 vs. 15). Both winners and losers experienced significant reductions in the frequency of team possession in the fourth quarter. Losers also demonstrated significant declines in total time in both team and individual player possession from the first to the second half and in passing (hand and kick) profiles across both halves and quarters. There was a significant increase in the percentage of successful free kick passes by winners in the second half and an increase in successful free kick passes and kick outs in losers in the fourth quarter. Both winners and losers reported significant reductions in turnover variables across halves and quarters. Defensive efficiency declined significantly in winners across match periods, which coincided with the significant increase in attacking efficiency of losers in the second half and fourth quarter. The attacking frequency declined significantly in winners in the second half and the fourth quarter and attacks originating in defense were also significantly lower in both winners and losers in the second half. Although both positive and negative differences were observed in the temporal changes exhibited by winners and losers across the match periods examined, the findings demonstrate that winners did not experience the same extant of technical and tactical performance decrement as losers, which partly explains the match outcomes associated with these games. In conclusion, knowledge of these temporal changes can be used to inform current preparation practices to enhance technical and tactical components and optimize match performance strategies.
Team Sport, Performance Analysis, Football, Technical, Tactical
To cite this article
Declan Gamble, Andrew Mc Carren, Jonathan Bradley, Niall Moyna, Temporal Changes in Team Performance Indicators Which Differentiate Between Winning and Losing in Elite Gaelic Football, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 199-207. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20190704.21
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Sport Ireland, 2018. Irish Sports Monitor Annual Report 2017.
Gamble, D., J. Bradley, A. McCarren and N. M. Moyna, 2019. Team performance indicators which differentiate between winning and losing in elite Gaelic football. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 19 (4): 478–490.
Wallace, J. L. and K. I. Norton, 2014. Evolution of World Cup soccer final games 1966-2010: Game structure, speed and play patterns. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17 (2): 223–228.
Hughes, M. D. and R. M. Bartlett, 2002. The use of performance indicators in performance analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20: 739–754.
Reilly, T. and K. Collins, 2008. Science and the Gaelic sports: Gaelic football and hurling. European Journal of Sport Science, 8 (5): 231–240.
Bradley, J. and P. O’Donoghue, 2011. Counterattacks in elite Gaelic football competition. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11 (1): 159–170.
Daly, D. and R. Donnelly, 2018. Data analytics in performance of kick-out distribution and effectiveness in senior championship football in Ireland. Journal of Sports Analytics, 4 (1): 15–30.
Carroll, R., 2013. Team performance indicators in Gaelic football and opposition effects. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13 (3): 703–715.
McGahan, J. H., S. Mangan, K. Collins, C. Burns, T. Gabbett and C. O. Neill, 2018. Match-play running demands and technical performance among elite Gaelic footballers: Does divisional status count? Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
Lynch, P. and R. Carroll, 2017. To compare the type of passing in Gaelic football at senior inter-county level historically to modern day. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 17 (6): 1–10.
Allister, A., P. J. Byrne, C. D. Nulty and S. Jordan, 2018. Game-related statistics which discriminate elite senior Gaelic football teams according to game outcome and final score difference. International Journal of Performance Analysis, 18 (4): 622–632.
Gamble, D., M. Spencer, A. McCarren and N. Moyna, 2019. Activity profile, PlayerLoadTM and heart rate response of Gaelic football players: A pilot study. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14 (4): 1–15.
Malone, S., B. Solan and K. Collins, 2017. The running performance profile of elite Gaelic football match-play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (1): 30–36.
Malone, S., B. Solan, K. D. Collins and D. A. Doran, 2016. Positional Match Running Performance in Elite Gaelic Football. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (8): 2292–2298.
Rampinini, E., F. M. Impellizzeri, C. Castagna, A. J. Coutts and U. Wisløff, 2009. Technical performance during soccer matches of the Italian Serie A league: Effect of fatigue and competitive level. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12 (1): 227–233.
Carling, C. and G. Dupont, 2011. Are declines in physical performance associated with a reduction in skill-related performance during professional soccer match-play? Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 (1): 63–71.
Kempton, T., A. C. Sirotic, M. Cameron and A. J. Coutts, 2013. Match-related fatigue reduces physical and technical performance during elite rugby league match-play: A case study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31 (16): 1770–1780.
Mangan, S. and K. Collins, 2016. A rating system for Gaelic football teams: Factors that influence success. International Journal of Computer Science in Sport, 15 (2): 78–90.
Koo, T. K. and M. Y. Li, 2016. A guideline of selecting and reporting intraclass correlation coefficients for reliability research. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine, 15 (2): 155–163.
Barnes, C., D. T. Archer, B. Hogg, M. Bush and P. S. Bradley, 2014. The evolution of physical and technical performance parameters in the english premier league. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 35 (13): 1095–1100.
Waldron, M. and J. Highton, 2014. Fatigue and pacing in high-intensity intermittent team sport: An update. Sports Medicine, 44 (12): 1645–1658.
Coutts, A. J., J. Quinn, J. Hocking, C. Castagna and E. Rampinini, 2010. Match running performance in elite Australian Rules Football. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13 (5): 543–548.
Mooney, M., S. Cormack, B. O’Brien and A. J. Coutts, 2013. Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8 (2): 165–172.
Lago, C. and R. Martín, 2007. Determinants of possession of the ball in soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (9): 969–974.
Gronow, D., B. Dawson, J. Heasman, B. Rogalski and P. Peeling, 2014. Team movement patterns with and without ball possession in Australian Football League players. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 14 (3): 635–651.
Redwood-Brown, A. J., C. A. Sunderland, A. M. Minniti and P. G. O’Donoghue, 2018. Perceptions of psychological momentum of elite soccer players. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16 (6): 590–606.
Redwood-Brown, A. J., P. G. O’Donoghue, A. M. Nevill, C. Saward and C. Sunderland, 2019. Effects of playing position, pitch location, opposition ability and team ability on the technical performance of elite soccer players in different score line states. PLoS ONE, 14 (2): 1–21.
Pollard, R., J. Ensum and S. Taylor, 2004. Estimating the probability of a shot resulting in a goal: The effects of distance, angle and space. International Journal of Soccer and Science, 2 (1): 50–55.
Mohr, M., P. Krustrup and J. Bangsbo, 2003. Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21 (7): 519–528.
Mangan, S., M. Ryan, S. Devenney, A. Shovlin, J. McGahan, S. Malone, C. O.’ Neill, C. Burns and K. Collins, 2017. The relationship between technical performance indicators and running performance in elite Gaelic football. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 17 (5): 706–720.
Browse journals by subject