Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 193-198
Influence of Isomaltulose Ingestion on Fat Oxidation During Inclemental Exercise in Endurance Athletes
Satoshi Hattori, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
Ayaka Noguchi, Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
Katsumi Sasagawa, Nutraceutical Science Laboratory, Bourbon Institutes of Health, Kashiwazaki, Japan
Hitomi Ogata, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan; Research Fellowship for Young Scientists, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan
Masashi Kobayashi, Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
Naomi Omi, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
Received: Nov. 15, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 4, 2019;       Published: Dec. 12, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajss.20190704.20      View  352      Downloads  186
Isomaltulose (ISO) is a carbohydrate (CHO) with metabolic properties that makes it slowly digested and less likely to raise postprandial blood glucose response. We considered that isomaltulose ingestion was difficult to inhibit fat oxidation during incremental exercise. Here we investigated the effect of isomaltulose ingestion on fat oxidation during incremental exercise on a cycle ergometer in endurance athletes (n=10) who performed an incremental exercise after ISO or sucrose (SUC) ingestion. We measured the fat and CHO oxidation, blood glucose concentration, and blood lactate concentration of the subjects during the incremental exercise. Between the ISO and SUC groups, the fat oxidation was significantly different at 3 min (p<0.05) and CHO oxidation was significantly different at 3, 6, and 12 min (p<0.05). The ISO group's blood glucose concentrations were significantly lower than those of the SUC group at −5, 3, 6, 9, and 12 min (p<0.05). Similarly, the ISO group's blood lactate concentrations were significantly lower than those of the SUC group at −5, 0, 3, 6, 9, and 18 min (p<0.05). These results indicate that isomaltulose ingestion causes only slight fat oxidation inhibition and a slow increase in blood lactate levels compared with sucrose ingestion by a gradual rise in the blood glucose level.
Isomaltulose, Endurance Exercise, Fat Oxidation, Carbohydrate Oxidation
To cite this article
Satoshi Hattori, Ayaka Noguchi, Katsumi Sasagawa, Hitomi Ogata, Masashi Kobayashi, Naomi Omi, Influence of Isomaltulose Ingestion on Fat Oxidation During Inclemental Exercise in Endurance Athletes, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 193-198. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20190704.20
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ALTLAND PD, HIGHMAN B. 1961. Effects of exercise on serum enzyme values and tissues of rats. Am J Physiol. 201: 393-5.
Bergström J, Hermansen L, Hultman E, Saltin B. 1967. Diet, Muscle Glycogen and Physical Performance. Acta Physiol Scand. 71 (2): 140-50.
Carlson LA, Froeberg S, Persson S. 1965. Concentration and turnover of the free fatty acids of plasma and concentration of blood glucose during exercise in horses. Acta Physiol Scand. 63: 434-41.
Jeukendrup AE, Jentjens R. 2000. Oxidation of carbohydrate feedings during prolonged exercise: current thoughts, guidelines and directions for future research. Sports Med. 29 (6): 407-24.
Jeukendrup AE. 2004. Carbohydrate intake during exercise and performance. Nutrition. 20 (7-8): 669-77.
Horowitz JF, Mora-Rodriguez R, Byerley LO, Coyle EF. 1997. Lipolytic suppression following carbohydrate ingestion limits fat oxidation during exercise. Am J Physiol. 273 (4 Pt 1): E768-75.
Tsuji Y, Yamada K, Hosoya N, Moriuchi S. 1986. Digestion and absorption of sugars and sugar substitutes in rat small intestine. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 32 (1): 93-100.
Kawai K, Okuda Y, Yamashita K. 1985. Changes in blood glucose and insulin after an oral palatinose administration in normal subjects. Endocrinol Jpn. 32 (6): 933-6.
Holub I, Gostner A, Theis S, Nosek L, Kudlich T, Melcher R, Scheppach W. 2010. Novel findings on the metabolic effects of the low glycaemic carbohydrate isomaltulose (Palatinose). Br J Nutr. 103: 1730-7.
Achten J, Jentjens RL, Brouns F, Jeukendrup AE. 2007. Exogenous oxidation of isomaltulose is lower than that of sucrose during exercise in men. J Nutr. 137: 1143-8.
Brooks GA, Mercier J. 1994. Balance of carbohydrate and lipid utilization during exercise: the "crossover" concept. J Appl Physiol (1985). 76 (6): 2253-61.
Romijn JA, Coyle EF, Sidossis LS, Gastaldelli A, Horowitz JF, Endert E, Wolfe RR. 1993. Regulation of endogenous fat and carbohydrate metabolism in relation to exercise intensity and duration. Am J Physiol. 265 (3 Pt 1): E380-91.
van Loon LJ, Greenhaff PL, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Saris WH, Wagenmakers AJ. 2001. The effects of increasing exercise intensity on muscle fuel utilisation in humans. J Physiol. 1; 536 (Pt 1): 295-304.
Chenevière X, Malatesta D, Peters EM, Borrani F. 2009. A mathematical model to describe fat oxidation kinetics during graded exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 41 (8): 1615-25.
Chenevière X, Borrani F, Ebenegger V, Gojanovic B, Malatesta D. 2009. Effect of a 1-hour single bout of moderate-intensity exercise on fat oxidation kinetics. Metabolism. 58: 1778-86.
Hattori S, Noguchi A, Ogata H, Kobayashi M, Omi N. 2019. The Effect of Maple Syrup Ingestion on Fat Oxidation During Incremental Exercise in Endurance Athletes. Am J Spo Sci. 7 (4): 149-154.
Chin LM, Kowalchuk JM, Barstow TJ, Kondo N, Amano T, Shiojiri T, Koga S. 2011. The relationship between muscle deoxygenation and activation in different muscles of the quadriceps during cycle ramp exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 111 (5): 1259-65.
Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan. 2005. Dietary reference intakes for Japanese. Tokyo: Daiichi-Shuppan.
Frayn KN. 1983. Calculation of substrate oxidation rates in vivo from gaseous exchange. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 55 (2): 628-34.
Chenevière X, Borrani F, Sangsue D, Gojanovic B, Malatesta D. 2011. Gender differences in whole-body fat oxidation kinetics during exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 36: 88-95.
Achten J, Jeukendrup AE. 2003. Maximal fat oxidation during exercise in trained men. Int J Sports Med. 24 (8): 603-8.
Overmyer KA, Evans CR, Qi NR, Minogue CE, Carson JJ, Chermside-Scabbo CJ, Koch LG, Britton SL, Pagliarini DJ, Coon JJ, Burant CF.. 2015. Maximal oxidative capacity during exercise is associated with skeletal muscle fuel selection and dynamic changes in mitochondrial protein acetylation. Cell Metab. 3; 21 (3): 468-78.
Kawai K, Yoshikawa H, Murayama Y, Okuda Y, Yamashita K. 1989. Usefulness of palatinose as a caloric sweetener for diabetic patients. Horm Metab Res. 21: 338-40.
HUCKABEE WE. 1958. Relationships of pyruvate and lactate during anaerobic metabolism. I. Effects of infusion of pyruvate or glucose and of hyperventilation. J Clin Invest. 37: 244-54.
Doar JW, Cramp DG, Maw DS, Seed M, Wynn V. 1970. Blood pyruvate and lactate levels during oral and intravenous glucose tolerance tests in diabetes mellitus. Clin Sci. 39: 259-69.
Browse journals by subject