Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Page: 115-119
Thin Bandwidth Knowledge of Results (KR) Improves Performance Consistency on Motor Skill Acquisition
Aline Horta Miguel Junqueira, Physical Education Department, School of Physical Education, Faculdade Pitágoras, Betim, Brazil
Rodolfo Novellino Benda, Physical Education Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Suziane Peixoto dos Santos, Sport Sciences Department, Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberlândia, Brazil
Guilherme Menezes Lage, Physical Education Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Márcio Mário Vieira, Sports Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Maria Flávia Soares Pinto Carvalho, Sports Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Herbert Ugrinowitsch, Sports Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Received: Oct. 4, 2015;       Accepted: Oct. 21, 2015;       Published: Nov. 17, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajss.20150306.13      View  3702      Downloads  78
Abstract
The bandwidth knowledge of results in one way of supplying feedback during practice, which provides control over the amount and type of information given to the subject. The present study investigated the best distribution of this information throughout the practice. A task requiring to perform a sequence of movements on the keypad, in order to achieve a specific the target time. The experiment consisted of three stages: a) acquisition (50 attempts); b) transfer, ten minutes after the end of the acquisition (10 attempts); c) retention, twenty-four hours after the end of the acquisition (10 attempts). Participants were distributed into four groups: wide bandwidth, with a range of 20%; narrow bandwidth, with a range of 5%; increasing bandwidth, with a range of 5% on the first half of the acquisition and 20% on the second half; and decreasing bandwidth, with a range of 20% on the first half and 5% on the second one. The results show thin bandwidth improves performance consistency.
Keywords
Motor Skill, Motor Learning, Bandwidth Feedback
To cite this article
Aline Horta Miguel Junqueira, Rodolfo Novellino Benda, Suziane Peixoto dos Santos, Guilherme Menezes Lage, Márcio Mário Vieira, Maria Flávia Soares Pinto Carvalho, Herbert Ugrinowitsch, Thin Bandwidth Knowledge of Results (KR) Improves Performance Consistency on Motor Skill Acquisition, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 115-119. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20150306.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
H. Ugrinowitsch, Fonseca, F. S., Carvalho, M. F. S. P., Profeta, V., & Benda, R. N. Efeitos de faixas de amplitude de CP na aprendizagem do saque tipo tênis do voleibol. [(Effects of the bandwidth KP on the learning of the volleyball tennis serve]. Motriz: Rev. Edu. Fís. vol. 17, pp. 82-92, 2011.
[2]
M. M. Vieira, H. Ugrinowitsch, L. Gallo, M. F. S. P. Carvalho, M. Fonseca, M., R. N. Benda. Effects of summary knowledge of results in motor skills acquisition. Rev. Psic. del Dep. vol. 23, pp. 9-14, 2014.
[3]
E.A. Bilodeau, I. M. Bilodeau, Variable frequency of knowledge of results and the learning of a simple skill. J. Exp. Psych. vol. 55, p.p. 379-383, 1958.
[4]
A. W. Salmoni, R. A. Schmidt, C. B. Walter. Knowledge of results and motor learning: a review and critical reappraisal. Psych. Bul. vol. 95, pp. 355-86, 1984.
[5]
D. E. Sherwood, Effect of bandwidth knowledge of results on movement consistency. Perc. Motor Skills, v.66, p.535-542, 1988.
[6]
H. Ugrinowitsch, A. A. Coca, I. W. Tertuliano, R. Gimenez, F.A.S. Pereira. Freqüência de feedback como um fator de incerteza no processo adaptativo em aprendizagem motora. [Frequency of feedback as an uncertainty factor on adaptive process in motor learning]. Revista Brasileira de Ciência e Movimento [Bras. J. Scie. Mov.], vol. 11, pp. 41-47, 2003.
[7]
A. A. Coca-Ugrinowitsch, R. N. Benda, L. M. Aburachid, A. G. P. Andrade, P. J. Greco, H. J. K. Menzel, H. Ugrinowitsch. Bandwidth knowledge of results on the learning of the saloon dart throwing task. Perc. Motor Skills, vol. 118, pp. 462-474, 2014.
[8]
M. S. Butler, T. G. Reeve, M. G. Fischman. Effects of the Instructional set in the bandwidth feedback paradigm on motor skill acquisition. Res. Quar Exer. Sport, v. 67, p. 355-359, 1996.
[9]
A. Badets, Y. Blandin, Observational Learning: Effects of Bandwidth Knowledge of Results. J. Motor Behav. vol. 37, pp.211–216, 2005.
[10]
J. E. Goodwin, H. J. Meeuwsen, Using bandwidth knowledge of results to alter relative frequencies during motor skill acquisition. Res. Quart. Exerc. Sport, vol.66, pp.99-104, 1995.
[11]
H. Ugrinowitsch, A. A. Coca Ugrinowitsch, I. W. Tertuliano, R. N. Benda, Effect of bandwidth knowledge of results on the learning of a grip force control task. Perc. Motor Skills, vol. 111, p. 643-652, 2010.
[12]
T. D. Lee, B. K. V. Maraj, Effects of bandwidth goals and bandwidth knowledge of results on motor learning. Res. Quar. Exer. Sport, vol.65, pp.244-249, 1994.
[13]
J. H. Cauraugh, D. CHEN, S. J. Radlo, Effects of traditional and reversed bandwidth of results on motor learning. Res. Quar. Exerc. Sport, v.64, p.413-417, 1993.
[14]
A. A. Coca Ugrinowitsch, H. Ugrinowitsch, Bandwidth feedback in the learning of a hold task. The FIEP Bulletin, v.74, p.34-37, 2004.
[15]
R. A. Schmidt, Frequent augmented feedback can degrade learning: evidence and interpretation. In: J. Requin and G.E. Stelmach (Eds.) Tutorials in Motor Behavior, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991, pp. 59-75.
[16]
C. J. Winstein, R. A. Schmidt, Reduced frequency of knowledge of results enhances motor skill learning. J. Exp. Psych.: Learning, Memory and Cognition, vol. 16, pp. 677-691, 1990
[17]
Q. Lai, C. H. Shea, The role of reduced frequency of knowledge of results during constant practice. Res. Quar. Exerc. Sport, v.70, p.33-40, 1999.
[18]
T. D. Lee, H. Carnahan, Bandwidth knowledge of results and motor learning: More than just a relative frequency effect. Quar. J. Exp. Psych., vol. 42, pp. 777-789, 1990.
[19]
J. E. Goodwin, H. J Meeuwsen, Using bandwidth knowledge of results to alter relative frequencies during motor skill acquisition. Res. Quart. Exerc. Sport, v. 66, pp.99-104, 1995.
[20]
J. Graydon, L. Paine, C. Ellis, R. Threadgold, Comparison of bandwidth knowledge of results and the relative frequency effect in learning a discrete motor skill. J. Human Mov. Stud. vol.32, pp.15-28, 1997.
Browse journals by subject