Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Page: 85-88
The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Mental Satisfaction in American College Students
Minhyun Kim, Health Exercise Sports and Science, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA
Kibum Cho, College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgan Town, USA
Heesu Lee, Department of Physical Education & Athletic Training, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
Ilsuk Sun, Department of Logistics, Jangan University, Suwon, South Korea
Received: Jul. 31, 2015;       Accepted: Aug. 7, 2015;       Published: Aug. 13, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajss.20150305.11      View  4357      Downloads  138
The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between college students’ regular physical life and mental satisfaction specifically regarding loneliness and depression happiness and rest and, comfort satisfaction. 238 college students were surveyed for this study, employing Godin Leisure Time-Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ), and General Well-Being Schedule (GWB) to obtain data. Regressions analyses revealed significant relationships between physical activity and two variables. The result of regression analysis for happiness and satisfaction factor was statistically significant (F=145.434, p= .000, R²= 0.414). Additionally, another regression analysis for rest and comfort factor was statistically significant (F= 103.393, p= .000, R²= 0.334). The study results contain meaningful implications for college students suggesting that doing regular physical activity is vital as it promotes their physical and psychological well-being
Physical Activity, Mental Satisfaction, American College Students
To cite this article
Minhyun Kim, Kibum Cho, Heesu Lee, Ilsuk Sun, The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Mental Satisfaction in American College Students, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 85-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20150305.11
Zullig KJ, Valois RF, Huebner ES, Drane JW. Adolescent health-related quality of life and perceived satisfaction with life. Quality of Life Research 2005; 14: 1573–1584.
Lollgen H, Bockenhoff A, Knapp G. Physical activity and all-cause mortality: an updated meta-analysis with different intensity categories. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2009; 30:213–224.
Fontaine K, Barofsky I. Obesity and health-related quality of life. Obesity Reviews 2001; 2: 173–182.
McAuley E, Konopack JF, Motl RW, Morris KS, Doerksen SE, Rosengren KR. Physical activity and quality of life in older adults: Influence of health status and self-efficacy. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2006; 31: 99–103.
Stewart LK, Flynn MG, Campbell WW, Craig BA, Robinson JP, Timmerman KL, McFarlin BK, Coen PM, Talbert E. The influence of exercise training on inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2007; 39:1714-1719.
United States Department of Health and Human Services (1998). Healthy People 2010: Physical Activity and Fitness.
Keating XD, Guan J, Castro J, Bridges, DM. A mental analysis of college student physical activity levels. Journal of American College Health 2005; 64: 116-215.
McArthur LH, Raedeke TD. Race and sex differences in college student physical activity correlates. American Journal of Health Behavior 2009; 33: 80-90.
Ferrara CM. The college experience: Physical activity, nutrition, and implications for intervention and future research. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online 2009; 12: 23-35.
Racette SB, Deusinger SS, Strube MJ, Highstein GR, Deusinger RH. Weight changes, exercise, and dietary patterns during freshman and sophomore years of college. Journal of American College Health 2005; 53: 245-251.
Arent SM, Landers DM, Etnier JL. The effects of exercise on mood in older adults: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 2000; 8: 407–430.
Craft L. Exercise and clinical depression: Examining two psychological mechanisms, Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2005; 6: 151-171.
Penedo FJ, Dahn JR. Exercise and well-being: A review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 2005; 18: 189–193.
Veenhoven R. Questions on happiness: classical topics, modern answers, blind spots in subjective well-being: an interdisciplinary approach, Great Britain: Pergamon Press. 1991; 7-26.
Gray JA. Brain systems that mediate both emotion and cognition. Cognition & Emotion 1990; 4: 269–288.
Viren S, Tomas CP, Dhachayani S, Thambu M, Kumaraswami K, Debbi S, Adrian F. General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression: A study with Malaysian medical students. Journal Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2007; 42: 161-166.
D'Zurilla TJ, Sheedy CF. Relation between social problem-solving ability and subsequent level of psychological stress in college students. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1991; 61: 841-846.
American College Health Association. The American College Health Association. Journal of American College Health 2009; 57: 477-488.
Suvisaari J, Aalto-Setälä T, Tuulio-Henriksson A, Härkänen T, Saarni S, Perälä J. Mental disorders in young adulthood. Psychological medicine 2008; 39: 287-299.
Wright JJ. Reported personal stress sources and adjustment of entering freshmen. Journal of counseling psychology 1967; 14: 371-373.
Wyshak G. Women’s college physical activity and self-reports of physician-diagnosed depression and of current symptoms of psychiatric distress. Journal of Women’s Health Gender-Based Medicine 2001; 10: 363–37.
Smale B, Dupuis S. The relationship between leisure activity participation and psychological well-being across the lifespan. Journal of Applied Recreation Research 1993; 18: 281-300.
Godin G, Shephard J. Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1997; 29:36-38.
Hair JF, Anderson RE, Tatham RL, Black WC. Multivariate Data Analysis, (5th Edition). 1998. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Kanning M, Schlicht W. Be Active and Become Happy: An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Physical Activity and Mood. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology 2010; 32: 253-261.
Pasco JA, Jacka FN, Williams LJ, Brennan SL, Leslie E, Berk M. Don’t worry, be active: positive affect and habitual physical activity. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2011; 45: 1047-1052.
Ekkekakis P, Hall EE, VanLanduyt LM, Petruzzello SJ. Walking in (affective) circles: Can short walks enhance affect? Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2000; 23: 245-275.
Fox KR. Let’s get physical. In: Fox KR, editor. The physical self: from motivation to well-being. 1997; Leeds: Human Kinetics.
Conn VS. Anxiety outcomes after physical activity interventions: meta-analysis findings. Nursing Research 2010; 59: 224-31.
Browse journals by subject